Every foreign language learner sooner or later faces the difficulty which concerns the vocabulary. For a successful communication the basic topical vocabulary will not be sufficient. You may be able to understand your interlocutor easily but have some problems with expressing your thoughts and supporting the conversation due to the lack of the necessary words. Here are some tips to improve your vocabulary.
- Reading is the first thing not to broaden your knowledge, but also to expand your list of the lexical items. But what to do if tomorrow you are to have a test?
- Use visual objects. Get a small piece of paper with a word stuck on everything on you house. That way you will easily memorize the everyday lexics such as the names of the appliances and furniture.
- Learn new words by clusters. It will be easier to make the lists of associations. Hang these lists in front of your table and you’ll remember then almost without any conscious effort. You’ll see the effect later when you say “a pen”, such words as “a table”, “books”, “laptop” will immediately pop up in your mind.
- Try to make your personal concordance. Develop it according to your daily activities, interests and lifestyle. That will help you to memorize the words that you need, analyze the peculiarities of your personal vocabulary and check your progress.
- Pick up a good visual dictionary. There are situations when you can’t find a word even in your native language. Seeing a picture will give you the possibility to broaden your knowledge in many aspects.
- Every time you learn a new word try to use it in a sentence. Every time you bind a word with a context it moves to your active vocabulary.
- Learn words that go together. This will help you to memorize more collocations and avoid misusing prepositions or verbs.
- Start watching films and listening to the songs in the studied language as early as possible. Don’t be upset if you can’t grasp all the information. At the early steps hearing and recognizing particular words is already a success. Gradually you’ll get accustomed to new language and hear more and more familiar phrases.
- Try to get some acquaintances among the native speakers. They will correct not only syntactical or lexical mistakes you make but also the stylistic ones which appear to be the most difficult ones to get rid of. You’ll enjoy the time you spend socializing using the language that once was totally unfamiliar to you.
- Don’t be shy to ask the meaning of every single word or expression you don’t know or if you’re not sure that you understand it properly. Keep a special notebook for such cases and look through it from time to time.
Using these simple tips you’ll soon get your vocabulary boosted which will not only help you to succeed in your tests but also will help to keep mastering the foreign language in a steady pace.