The Cast division in the modern India still remains an open and ambiguous issue. The word “cast” is not of the Indian origin. It was introduced by the Europeans quite recently in the beginning of the twentieth century. There original systems of classifications in India: “varna” and “dzhati”. The first word means “color” and denotes exactly what is commonly called “cast’. There are four of them which include priests, warriors, sellers and servants. But apart from these four ones there is an endless number of other divisions according to the professions, families and the territory which is called “dzhati”.
This division is similar to the one that took place in the medieval Europe system of manufacture departments. There are dzhati of thieves, potters, workers of laundry and others. By the way laundry is still considered to be a work for men only in the present day India. Even today when the discrimination according to the cast belonging is prohibited is is almost impossible to move from one cast to another. Though the laws allow the marriage of the two people from different social layers, it is not easy to overcome all the obstacles in practice. There are often the notes in the newspaper columns with personal dating or marriage ads seen which say “casta no bara”- “the cast belonging doesn’t matter”, but is that really true?
The cast system in modern India is not an exotic thing or a barbarism, but a law which was documented in the Scheduled Cast Order in 1950. The cast division is accepted by the government though the authorities claim they make no differences between the people from the warrior or the servant castes. The Constitution of India says that the government doesn’t allow the discrimination of the citizens according to their birth place, gender, religion or cast belonging. Everybody has the equal right to appear in the public places, attend the shops, restaurants, public beaches and to use the roads or water reservoirs.
The governments supports the people from the lower castes that were abused before and provides them the places in the universities, hospitals and school. But some people still prefer to change their religion to avoid humiliation. The differences between the castes are still easily seen. Even today there remain the rules for clothes and public behavior for the various social layers. Is is a normal thing for the priest family to ban the friendship of the children with the ones from the lower cast.